martes, 16 de junio de 2009

Handout 3 HOMEWORK 3/ TAREA 3

1. make one question with each interrogative pronoun
2. review SER y ESTAR
3. Memorize the numbers
4. bring 10 new words (could be nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc)

Spanish Speaking Countries

Spanish (español) sometimes called Castilian (castellano) is a Romance language that originated in northern Spain, and gradually spread in the Kingdom of Castile and evolved into the principal language of government and trade. It was taken most notably to the Americas, and also to Africa and Asia Pacific with the expansion of the Spanish Empire between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries.
In contemporary Spain, Castilian is just one of several regional languages spoken including Aranese, Basque, Catalan/Valencian and Galician. Today, about 350 million people speak Spanish as a native language, making it the world's second most spoken language in terms of native speakers but fourth in terms of total speakers. Mexico contains the largest population of Spanish speakers.
Spanish is growing increasingly popular as a second or third language in a number of countries due to logistical, economic, and touristic interest towards the many nations which chiefly use Spanish as the primary language. This phenomenon is most notable in Brazil, the United States, Italy, France, Portugal, and much of the Anglosphere in general.n(Ref. Wikipedia)
People all around the world speak Spanish as their first language. You can find Spanish on five different continents and in many different cultures. The following list of the Spanish speaking countries and their capitals shows us just how many places officially use the Spanish language.
Europe España - Madrid Central America Guatemala - Guatemala City Honduras - Tegucigalpa El Salvador - San Salvador Nicaragua - Managua Costa Rica - San José Panama - Panama City Carribean Cuba – La Habana República Dominicana - Santo Domingo Puerto Rico - San JuanNorth America Mexico - Mexico City
South America Venezuela - Caracas Colombia - Bogotá Ecuador - Quito Perú - Lima Bolivia - 2 Capitals La Paz (Administrative) Sucre (Constitutional) Paraguay - Asunción Chile - Santiago Argentina - Buenos Aires Uruguay - Montevideo Africa Guinea Ecuatorial- Malabo

Interrogative Pronouns
Quién, qué, cuál, cuánto, and dónde are Spanish interrogative pronouns. A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun, and interrogative means questioning, so interrogative pronouns are pronouns used to ask the questions who, what, which, how much/many, and where. Note that all of these words have accents.
Quién means who or whom; it is used when asking about people. It has the plural form quiénes.
¿Quién está aquí?
Who is here?
¿Quién viene conmigo?
Who's coming with me?

Quién can also follow a preposition.
¿A quién habláis?
To whom are you speaking?
¿De quién es este libro?
Whose book is this?

Qué means what and is used to refer to ideas or things.

¿Qué quiere?
What does he want?
¿Qué piensas del libro?
What do you think of the book?
¿Qué es eso?
What is this?

Cuál means what or which - it is used when distinguishing between two or more things. It has the plural form cuáles.

¿Cuál quieres - la pluma o el lápiz?
Which do you want - the pen or the pencil?
Hay muchas ideas. ¿Cuáles prefieres?
There are a lot of ideas. Which ones do you prefer?

Cuánto means how much and its plural cuántos means how many.
¿Tienes dinero? ¿Cuánto?
Do you have any money? How much?
¿Cuántos están en el coche?
How many are in the car?

Dónde means where.
¿Dónde vives?
Where do you live?

Numbers In Spanish - Cardinals
1 : uno
2 : dos
3 : tres
4 :cuatro
5 : cinco
6 : seis
7 : siete
8 : ocho
9 : nueve
10: diez
11 : once
12 : doce
13 : trece
15 : quince
16 : dieciséis
17 : diecisiete
18 : dieciocho
19 :diecinueve
20 : veinte
21 : veintiuno
22 : veintidós
23 : veintitrés
24 : veinticuatro
25 : veinticinco
26 : veintiséis
27 : veintisiete
28 : veintiocho
29 : veintinueve
30 : treinta
40 : cuarenta
50 : cincuenta
60 : sesenta
70 : setenta
80 : ochenta
90 : noventa
100: cien

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