viernes, 26 de junio de 2009

Clase 7 25 de Junio del 2009

Clase de Español
Profesor Ricardo Mendoza
St Elizabeth Ann Seton
Clase 7
25 de Junio del 2009

Dia 1: Pronombres personales, alfabeto, and definite and indefinite articles.
Día 2: Verbos Ser y Estar and greetings
Día 3: Spanish speaking countries, nota cultural: Los saludos, interrogative pronouns, and numbers (bingo).
Día 4: VERBO GUSTAR (indicating likes and dislikes), some regular VERBS (present tense)
Día 5: Presentaciones, Regular Verbs, Adjectives.
Día 6: Prayer, Presentaciones, tongue twisters in Spanish (trabalenguas), Using verb TENER, canción, write a little prayer in Spanish (practice everything that you have learned so far)
Día 7: Homework feedback, adivinando palabras (guessing words), pairs work (write a paragraph using the vocabulary that you are familiar with), Hay y No Hay (there is/there are)

1. Work with a partner and write a paragraph using the vocabulary that you are familiar with, then read the paragraph to the class.
2. Hay y No hay

It is often said that the English "there is" or "there are" is expressed in Spanish using the verb hay (which is a form of the verb haber), and indeed that is usually the case. However, there are some instances where forms of the verb estar — typically está (singular) or están (plural) — should be used.
The difference is one in meaning. Hay is used to refer to mere existence, while está or están is used to describe location.
As an example, look at the following simple sentence: "There is a book." The English is ambiguous. The sentence could be phrased as "a book is there," meaning that a book is in a certain location. Or could be interpreted as "a book exists." In Spanish a different verb would be used in each instance.
To say that the book is in a location, use a form of estar:
El libro está allí. (The book is there.)
But to say it merely exists, use a form of haber, in this case hay:
· Hay un libro. (A book exists.)
The same principle applies in many other cases where the English might be ambiguous:
· No hay dinero. (There isn't any money, because it doesn't exist.) El dinero no está. (The money exists, but it's not here.)
· No hay profesor. (There's no teacher, meaning, for instance, that one hasn't been hired.) El profesor no está. (There's a teacher, but the teacher isn't here.)
· Hay dos escuelas. (There are two schools, that is, two schools exist.) Dos escuelas están allí. (There are two schools, meaning, two schools are in the direction that is being pointed to.)
· Hay vacas en Argentina. (There are cows in Argentina.) Las vacas están en Argentina. (The specific cows are there, in Argentina.)
Abstract nouns, or nouns that don't refer to an object that can exist in a specific location, normally would not be used with estar, but with a form of haber.
· Hay muchos problemas. (There are many problems.)
· No hay felicidad sin amor. (There is no happiness without love.)
ž When used in questions, "hay" has two different meanings:
ž Is there?
ž Are there?
ž ¿Hay un hotel en el centro?Is there a hotel downtown?
ž ¿Hay algunos libros por aquí?Are there any books around here?
ž The verb form "hay" can also be used to answer questions.
ž ¿Hay un hotel en el centro?Is there a hotel downtown?
ž Sí. Sí hay.Yes. Yes there is.
ž ¿Hay algunos libros por aquí?Are there any books around here?
ž No. No hay.No. No there aren't.
ž ¿Cuántos estudiantes HAY en la clase de Español?
ž HAY 18 estudiantes
ž ¿Cuántas ventanas HAY en el salón de clase?
ž HAY 6 Ventanas
Choose the best translation.
ž 1. Hay tres libros encima de la mesa.There are three books on the table.There is one book on the table.There are three books in the house.There is one book in the house.
ž 2. Hay un hotel en el centro.The hospital is downtown.There is a hospital downtown.There is a hotel downtown.The hotel is downtown.
ž 3. Hay cinco chicas en mi clase.Three girls are in my class.There are three girls in my class.There are five girls in my class.Five girls are in my class.
ž 4. Hay una pluma encima de la mesa.There is a pencil on the chair.There is a pen on the chair.There is a pen on the table.There is a pencil on the table.
ž 5. Hay tres hombres y cinco mujeres aquí.There are five men and three women here.There are three women and five men here.There are three men and five women here.There are three boys and five girls here.

ž With a partner make 5 different questions to ask to your classmates.

Write a short paragraph (5 lines) describing your house or your family, your friends, your Spanish class (choose just one topic).
Make 5 questions with HAY y NO HAY.
Review for an exam next class: SER and ESTAR, pronombres personales, present tense with regular verbs, greetings, interrogative pronouns, verbo GUSTAR, HAY y No HAY.

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